UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

What is the gender representation in authorship in later phase systemic clinical trials in biliary tract cancer (BTC)? - a retrospective review of the published literature

McNamara, Mairéad G; Bridgewater, John; Goyal, Lipika; Jacobs, Timothy; Wagner, Anna D; Goldstein, David; Shroff, Rachna; ... Valle, Juan; + view all (2022) What is the gender representation in authorship in later phase systemic clinical trials in biliary tract cancer (BTC)? - a retrospective review of the published literature. BMJ Open , 12 (10) , Article e064954. 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064954. Green open access

[thumbnail of e064954.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
e064954.full.pdf - Published Version

Download (343kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Female physicians in medicine are increasing, but disparities in female authorship exist. The aim of this study was to characterise factors associated with female first (FF) and female senior (SF) authorship in later phase systemic oncological clinical trials in biliary tract cancer (BTC) and identify any changes over time. SETTING: Embase/Medline identified trial publications in BTC (2000-2020) were included. χ2 tests and log regression were used (assessed factors associated with FF and SF authorship, including changes over time (STATA V.16)). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: FF and SF authorship in later phase systemic oncological clinical trials in BTC. SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Any changes over time? RESULTS: Of 501 publications, 163 met inclusion criteria. The median percentage of female author representation in publications was 25%; there were no female authors in 13% of publications. Geographic location of the home institution of the first and senior authors was Asia (42%/42%), Europe (29%/29%), USA (24%/22%) and other (4%/6%), respectively. Overall, FF and SF author representation was 20% and 10%, respectively. The median position of the first female author was second in all the publication author lists. The phase of trial, journal-impact factor, industry funding or whether the study met its primary endpoint did not impact FF/SF author representation. More SF authors had home institutions in 'other' geographic locations (40% in 10 trials) (p=0.02) versus Asia (6%), Europe (8%) and USA (14%). There were no significant changes in FF/SF representation over time (p=0.61 and p=0.33 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: FF and SF author representation in later phase systemic clinical trial publications in BTC is low and has not changed significantly over time. The underlying reasons for this imbalance need to be better understood and addressed.

Type: Article
Title: What is the gender representation in authorship in later phase systemic clinical trials in biliary tract cancer (BTC)? - a retrospective review of the published literature
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064954
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064954
Language: English
Additional information: © Author(s) (or their employer[s]) 2022. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Keywords: adult oncology, chemotherapy, hepatobiliary tumours, Humans, Authorship, Biliary Tract Neoplasms, Europe, Physicians, Women, Retrospective Studies, Clinical Trials as Topic, Male, Female
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10159030
Downloads since deposit
16Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item