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Adherence to the request criterion in jurisdictions where assisted dying is lawful?: A review of the criteria and evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland

Lewis, Penney; Black, Isra; (2013) Adherence to the request criterion in jurisdictions where assisted dying is lawful?: A review of the criteria and evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics , 41 (4) pp. 885-898. 10.1111/jlme.12098. Green open access

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Abstract

Some form of assisted dying (voluntary euthanasia and/or assisted suicide) is lawful in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland. In order to be lawful in these jurisdictions, a valid request must precede the provision of assistance to die. Non-adherence to the criteria for valid requests for assisted dying may be a trigger for civil and/or criminal liability, as well as disciplinary sanctions where the assistor is a medical professional. In this article, we review the criteria and evidence in respect of requests for assisted dying in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland, with the aim of establishing whether individuals who receive assisted dying do so on the basis of valid requests. We conclude that the evidence suggests that individuals who receive assisted dying in the four jurisdictions examined do so on the basis of valid requests and third parties who assist death do not act unlawfully. However, further research on the elements that may undermine the validity of requests for assisted dying is warranted. More research on the reasons why requests for assisted dying are refused is also desirable. copy; 2013 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Adherence to the request criterion in jurisdictions where assisted dying is lawful?: A review of the criteria and evidence in the Netherlands, Belgium, Oregon, and Switzerland
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/jlme.12098
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jlme.12098
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Ethics, Law, Medical Ethics, Medicine, Legal, Social Sciences - Other Topics, Government & Law, Legal Medicine, PHYSICIANS EXPERIENCES, EUTHANASIA, SUICIDE, DEPRESSION, CONSULTATION, INTERVIEW, FLANDERS, DEATH, ACT
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10158299
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