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War and infant mortality rates

Abouharb, M Rodwan; (2022) War and infant mortality rates. Journal of Human Rights 10.1080/14754835.2022.2122786. (In press). Green open access

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War represents one of the gravest threats to the right to health. A range of international human rights covenants have enumerated the rights of both adults and children to lead full healthy lives, free from the dangers of war. Yet we know remarkably little about how war systematically affects children’s rights to health. We have limited knowledge about if different types of conflict—major interstate and major civil wars—have similar or different consequences for children’s health. This article examines the immediate and cumulative links of major interstate and major civil wars with infant mortality rates, a key measure of children’s health. The article employs generalized least squares regression with two-way fixed effects over the 1950–2007 period. The core results indicate that major civil and major interstate wars substantively violate children’s and infants’ rights to health. States that spent the most amount of time involved in major interstate wars were associated with the worst overall increases in infant mortality rates.

Type: Article
Title: War and infant mortality rates
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/14754835.2022.2122786
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2022.2122786
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way
Keywords: Social Sciences, International Relations, Political Science, Government & Law, ARMED CONFLICT, CIVIL-WAR, HUMAN-RIGHTS, HEALTH, TIME, DETERMINANTS, IMPACT, CARE, DEMOCRACY, VIOLENCE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10158113
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