UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Developing novel mannose-binding lectin therapies to prevent, diagnose and treat infections in children

Kite, Kerry-Anne; (2022) Developing novel mannose-binding lectin therapies to prevent, diagnose and treat infections in children. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Kite_10157926_Thesis.pdf]
Preview
Text
Kite_10157926_Thesis.pdf

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

This thesis concerns the extensive properties of the immune molecule mannose-binding lectin (MBL). The work centres around the broad-range sugar recognition properties of MBL for microbes, with an emphasis on bacterial, yeast and viral infections. This thesis focuses on translational research in particular on the integration of MBL into the clinic to provide more effective diagnostic tools and therapies for childhood diseases. In Part I of this thesis, we utilise the properties of MBL to bind, concentrate and rapidly diagnose infections using mass spectrometry. We found that MBL molecules conjugated to magnetic beads are effective at binding a wide range of different pathogens within blood samples. We further found that the beads are able to enrich the samples by significantly increasing concentrations and reducing host background. We compared this approach with the rapid diagnosis method currently in use at GOSH’s clinical microbiology. We observe that the MBL-based method is more successful at identifying yeast infections than the current standard and is equally as effective at detecting bacterial infections. Part II addresses the potential of MBL therapy to prevent and treat chronic infections, particularly biofilms. Biofilms are associated with increased mortality and morbidity rates, as well as an increased risk of antimicrobial resistance development. We show that MBL is able to bind bacteria and reduce the formation of these biofilms, and also enhances the immune response to established biofilm infections. The final chapter of this thesis focuses on the role of MBL in protection against the novel severe-acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In particular we show that MBL deficiency or low MBL serum levels may be a risk factor in the development of paediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS), an inflammatory syndrome appearing in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection observed in children. We observed significant reductions in SARS-CoV-2 binding to lung epithelium when using MBL mixtures previously prepared and tested in the clinic.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Developing novel mannose-binding lectin therapies to prevent, diagnose and treat infections in children
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2022. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author's request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10157926
Downloads since deposit
16Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item