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Molecular pathology of Usher 1B patient-derived retinal organoids at single cell resolution

Leong, Yeh Chwan; Di Foggia, Valentina; Pramod, Hema; Bitner-Glindzicz, Maria; Patel, Aara; Sowden, Jane C; (2022) Molecular pathology of Usher 1B patient-derived retinal organoids at single cell resolution. Stem Cell Reports 10.1016/j.stemcr.2022.09.006. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Usher syndrome-associated retinitis pigmentosa (RP) causes progressive retinal degeneration, which has no cure. The pathomechanism of Usher type 1B (USH1B)-RP caused by MYO7A mutation remains elusive because of the lack of faithful animal models and limited knowledge of MYO7A function. Here, we analyzed 3D retinal organoids generated from USH1B patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells. Increased differential gene expression occurred over time without excessive photoreceptor cell death in USH1B organoids compared with controls. Dysregulated genes were enriched first for mitochondrial functions and then proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic processes and RNA splicing. Single-cell RNA sequencing revealed MYO7A expression in rod photoreceptor and Müller glial cells corresponding to upregulation of stress responses in NRL+ rods and apoptotic signaling pathways in VIM+ Müller cells, pointing to the defensive mechanisms that mitigate photoreceptor cell death. This first human model for USH1B-RP provides a representation of patient retina in vivo relevant for development of therapeutic strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Molecular pathology of Usher 1B patient-derived retinal organoids at single cell resolution
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2022.09.006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2022.09.006
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: MYO7A, Müller cells, USH1B, Usher syndrome, disease modeling, oxidative stress, patient-derived iPSC, proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic processes, retinal degeneration, retinal organoid, retinitis pigmentosa, single-cell RNA sequencing, ubiquitin-proteosome system
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10157622
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