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Defining core conceptual knowledge: Why pharmacy education needs a new, evidence-based approach

Angelo, TA; McLaughlin, JE; Munday, MR; White, PJ; (2022) Defining core conceptual knowledge: Why pharmacy education needs a new, evidence-based approach. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning , 14 (8) pp. 929-932. 10.1016/j.cptl.2022.07.014.

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Abstract

Introduction: No pharmacy program, however well-resourced, has sufficient time or resources to teach students all current, practice-relevant knowledge. And while the volume of potential pharmacy education curriculum content increases exponentially each year, available time for direct instruction continues to decline. Given these constraints, pharmacy curricula must focus on promoting deep learning of the most critical, fundamental, broadly applicable, and lasting knowledge. Yet, in terms of didactic knowledge, pharmacy education currently has no agreed upon, evidence-based criteria for determining which foundational concepts are most important to teach nor any research-based assessment tools to demonstrate how well students have learned those core concepts. Perspective: This lack of consensus regarding core conceptual knowledge makes disparities in learning outcomes both more likely to occur and less likely to be detected or addressed. Over the past 30 years, several scientific disciplines undergirding pharmacy have developed research-based lists of core concepts and related concept inventories, demonstrating their transformative educational potential. Core concepts are big, fundamental ideas that experts agree are critical for all students in their discipline to learn, remember, understand, and apply. Concept inventories are research-based, psychometrically validated, multiple-choice tests designed to uncover learners' prior knowledge and potential misconceptions and determine their depth of understanding of disciplinary core concepts. Implications: This commentary proposes adapting and applying this evidence-based core concepts approach to enhance pharmacy education's overall effectiveness and efficiency and outlines an ongoing, multinational research initiative to identify and define essential pharmacy concepts to be taught, learned, and assessed.

Type: Article
Title: Defining core conceptual knowledge: Why pharmacy education needs a new, evidence-based approach
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1016/j.cptl.2022.07.014
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2022.07.014
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Concept inventories, Concepts, Conceptual change, Core concepts, Pharmacy education, Curriculum, Education, Pharmacy, Humans, Knowledge, Students
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10157329
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