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Early Life Pain Experience Changes Adult Functional Pain Connectivity in the Rat Somatosensory and the Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Chang, Pishan; Fabrizi, Lorenzo; Fitzgerald, Maria; (2022) Early Life Pain Experience Changes Adult Functional Pain Connectivity in the Rat Somatosensory and the Medial Prefrontal Cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience , 42 (44) pp. 8284-8296. 10.1523/jneurosci.0416-22.2022. Green open access

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Abstract

Early life pain experience (ELP) alters adult pain behaviour and increases injury induced pain hypersensitivity, but the effect of ELP upon adult functional brain connectivity is not known. We have performed continuous local field potential (LFP) recording in the awake adult male rats to test the effect of ELP upon functional cortical connectivity related to pain behaviour. Somatosensory cortex (S1) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) LFPs evoked by mechanical hindpaw stimulation were recorded simultaneously with pain reflex behaviour for 10 days after adult incision injury. We show that, post adult injury, sensory evoked S1 LFP delta and gamma energy and S1 LFP delta/gamma frequency coupling are significantly increased in ELP rats compared to controls. Adult injury also induces increases in S1-mPFC functional connectivity but this is significantly prolonged in ELP rats, lasting 4 days compared to 1 day in controls. Importantly, the increases in LFP energy and connectivity in ELP rats were directly correlated with increased behavioural pain hypersensitivity. Thus, early life pain (ELP) alters adult brain functional connectivity, both within and between cortical areas involved in sensory and affective dimensions of pain. The results reveal altered brain connectivity as a mechanism underlying the effects of early life pain upon adult pain perception.

Type: Article
Title: Early Life Pain Experience Changes Adult Functional Pain Connectivity in the Rat Somatosensory and the Medial Prefrontal Cortex
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1523/jneurosci.0416-22.2022
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0416-22.2022
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10157157
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