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Internet Service Providers' and Individuals' Attitudes, Barriers, and Incentives to Secure IoT

Sombatruang, N; Caulfield, T; Becker, I; Fujita, A; Kasama, T; Nakao, K; Inoue, D; (2023) Internet Service Providers' and Individuals' Attitudes, Barriers, and Incentives to Secure IoT. In: Proceedings of USENIX Security '23. USENIX Association: Anaheim, CA, USA. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) play a vital role in securing IoT. However, encouraging them to do so is hard. Our study investigates ISPs’ and individuals’ attitudes towards the security of IoT, the obstacles they face, and their incentives to keep IoT secure, drawing evidence from Japan. Due to the complex interactions of the stakeholders, we follow an iterative methodology where we present issues and potential solutions to our stakeholders in turn. For ISPs, we survey 27 ISPs in Japan, followed by a workshop with representatives from government and 5 ISPs. Based on the findings from this, we conduct semi-structured interviews with 20 participants followed by a more quantitative survey with 328 participants. We review these results in a second workshop with representatives from government and 7 ISPs. The appreciation of challenges by each party has lead to findings that are supported by all stakeholders. Securing IoT devices is neither users’ nor ISPs’ priority. Individuals are keen on more interventions both from the government as part of regulation and from ISPs in terms of filtering malicious traffic. Participants are willing to pay for enhanced monitoring and filtering. While ISPs do want to help users, there appears to be a lack of effective technology to aid them. ISPs would like to see more public recognition for their efforts, but internally they struggle with executive buy-in and effective means to communicate with their customers. The majority of barriers and incentives are external to ISPs and individuals, demonstrating the complexity of keeping IoT secure and emphasizing the need for relevant stakeholders in the IoT ecosystem to work in tandem.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Internet Service Providers' and Individuals' Attitudes, Barriers, and Incentives to Secure IoT
Event: USENIX Security '23
Location: Anaheim, CA, USA
Dates: 9 Aug 2023 - 11 Aug 2023
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.usenix.org/conference/usenixsecurity23...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright is held by the authors. This is an extended version of our USENIX Security ’23 paper. This is an Open Access paper published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10156841
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