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Antimicrobial Resistance Genes, Virulence Genes, and Associated Mobile Genetic Elements of Eight Multidrug-Resistant Enterobacterales Isolated from Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Sri Lanka

Perera, V; De Silva, S; Jayatilleke, K; De Silva, N; Aydin, A; Enne, V; Corea, E; (2022) Antimicrobial Resistance Genes, Virulence Genes, and Associated Mobile Genetic Elements of Eight Multidrug-Resistant Enterobacterales Isolated from Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Sri Lanka. Microbial Drug Resistance , 28 (8) pp. 882-892. 10.1089/mdr.2022.0003. Green open access

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Abstract

The study describes the first isolation of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST16, Escherichia coli ST131 (Esc), and Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii ST93 (Enterobacter cloacae complex [ECC]) in Sri Lanka. Eight MDR strains of uropathogenic Enterobacterales isolated from hospital acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) were analyzed using genomic sequencing and comparative genomics. Isolates carried multiple carbapenemase, AmpC, and ESBL (extended-spectrum β-lactamase) genes. ECC manifested both blaNDM-4 and blaOXA-181. The K. pneumoniae strains harbored fimbrial genes that facilitate pathogenesis of UTI. Several extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli associated virulence genes were identified in Esc. The efflux pump gene, acrA, and the T6SS gene cluster were detected in ECC. Many antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and virulence genes were identified associated with mobile genetic elements. ISEcp1 flanked upstream of blaCTX-M-15. The carbapenemase genes were carried on ColKP3 plasmids and were associated with ISEcp1. In Esc, the AMR gene blaTEM-1B and virulence gene traT were found on an IncF plasmid replicon. In K. pneumoniae the AMR genes sul1 and tetB present on IncR plasmid replicons and were associated with the insertion sequence IS6100. In Kp5, blaLAP-2 and qnrS1 coexisted and were flanked by ISEcl. AMR gene clusters, conferring resistance to multiple antimicrobial classes, flanked by mobile elements were identified in seven isolates.

Type: Article
Title: Antimicrobial Resistance Genes, Virulence Genes, and Associated Mobile Genetic Elements of Eight Multidrug-Resistant Enterobacterales Isolated from Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Sri Lanka
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1089/mdr.2022.0003
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2022.0003
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Enterobacterales, Sri Lanka, antimicrobial resistance genes, hospital-acquired urinary tract infections, mobile genetic elements, virulence genes
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10156576
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