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Seasonal species richness of birds on the world's islands and its geographical correlates

La Sorte, Frank A; Somveille, Marius; Dokter, Adriaan M; Miller, Eliot T; (2022) Seasonal species richness of birds on the world's islands and its geographical correlates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 289 (1980) , Article 20221105. 10.1098/rspb.2022.1105. Green open access

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Abstract

The presence of migratory birds on islands results in seasonal variation in species richness. These patterns and their geographical correlates within the context of island biogeography theory have not been examined. We used 21 years of bird observations on 690 islands from eBird to determine how seasonal species richness estimates vary as a function of island area, isolation and latitude. Species richness was highest on islands within the northern mid-latitudes during migration and on islands within tropical latitudes during the non-breeding season. Area defined positive, nonlinear relationships with species richness across seasons, with the steepest slopes occurring with islands greater than 1100 km2. Distance to mainland defined negative, nonlinear relationships with species richness across seasons, with the strongest slopes occurring with islands located greater than 150 km from the mainland. Species-area relationships were weakest for the most remote islands and strongest for islands at intermediate distances to the mainland. Intermediate proximity to other islands was a poor predictor of species richness. Our findings emphasize the presence of seasonally dynamic geographical relationships, the enhanced role of evolutionary processes on larger islands, the unique ecology of the world's most remote islands, and the importance of islands as stopover sites and wintering grounds for migratory bird species.

Type: Article
Title: Seasonal species richness of birds on the world's islands and its geographical correlates
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2022.1105
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.1105
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: area, island biogeography, isolation, latitude, migratory birds, species richness, Animals, Biodiversity, Birds, Geography, Islands, Seasons
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10156399
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