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ECG T‐Wave Morphologic Variations Predict Ventricular Arrhythmic Risk in Low‐ and Moderate‐Risk Populations

Ramírez, Julia; Kiviniemi, Antti; van Duijvenboden, Stefan; Tinker, Andrew; Lambiase, Pier D; Junttila, Juhani; Perkiömäki, Juha S; ... Munroe, Patricia B; + view all (2022) ECG T‐Wave Morphologic Variations Predict Ventricular Arrhythmic Risk in Low‐ and Moderate‐Risk Populations. Journal of the American Heart Association , 11 (17) , Article e025897. 10.1161/jaha.121.025897. Green open access

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Abstract

Background Early identification of individuals at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a major challenge. The ECG is a simple, common test, with potential for large‐scale application. We developed and tested the predictive value of a novel index quantifying T‐wave morphologic variations with respect to a normal reference (TMV), which only requires one beat and a single‐lead ECG. Methods and Results We obtained reference T‐wave morphologies from 23 962 participants in the UK Biobank study. With Cox models, we determined the association between TMV and life‐threatening ventricular arrhythmia in an independent data set from UK Biobank study without a history of cardiovascular events (N=51 794; median follow‐up of 122 months) and SCD in patients with coronary artery disease from ARTEMIS (N=1872; median follow‐up of 60 months). In UK Biobank study, 220 (0.4%) individuals developed life‐threatening ventricular arrhythmias. TMV was significantly associated with life‐threatening ventricular arrhythmias (hazard ratio [HR] of 1.13 per SD increase [95% CI, 1.03–1.24]; P =0.009). In ARTEMIS, 34 (1.8%) individuals reached the primary end point. Patients with TMV ≥5 had an HR for SCD of 2.86 (95% CI, 1.40–5.84; P =0.004) with respect to those with TMV <5, independently from QRS duration, corrected QT interval, and left ventricular ejection fraction. TMV was not significantly associated with death from a cause other than SCD. Conclusions TMV identifies individuals at life‐threatening ventricular arrhythmia and SCD risk using a single‐beat single‐lead ECG, enabling inexpensive, quick, and safe risk assessment in large populations.

Type: Article
Title: ECG T‐Wave Morphologic Variations Predict Ventricular Arrhythmic Risk in Low‐ and Moderate‐Risk Populations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/jaha.121.025897
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/jaha.121.025897
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10155110
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