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Mechanochemical techniques for the activation and use of zero-valent metals in synthesis

Jones, Andrew C; Leitch, Jamie A; Raby-Buck, Sarah E; Browne, Duncan L; (2022) Mechanochemical techniques for the activation and use of zero-valent metals in synthesis. Nature Synthesis , 1 pp. 763-775. 10.1038/s44160-022-00106-4. Green open access

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Abstract

Activating raw, zero-valent metals is an essential capability for chemical processes, which include synthesis and catalysis. In recent years there has been the discovery and growing intensity in the use of mechanical action, through the utility of ball mills, to facilitate the activation of zero-valent metals. The complexity of the synthetic reaction systems in which these processing techniques can be used has now reached a tipping-point, with, among others, cross-electrophile coupling, radical reactions and new modes of zero-valent reactivity demonstrated. In addition, the technique of ball milling is synonymous with solvent minimization for the reaction component of a synthetic process. In this review, we demonstrate that, together, these developments paint an intriguing picture in which the combination of the technique of ball milling and chemical synthesis mediated by zero-valent metals could deliver a sustainable platform for chemical synthesis, catalysis and new reaction discovery for the future.

Type: Article
Title: Mechanochemical techniques for the activation and use of zero-valent metals in synthesis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s44160-022-00106-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s44160-022-00106-4
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Synthetic chemistry methodology, Reaction mechanisms
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharma and Bio Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10154810
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