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The association between early-life gut microbiota and childhood respiratory diseases: a systematic review

Alcazar, Cristina Garcia-Maurino; Paes, Veena Mazarello; Shao, Yan; Oesser, Clarissa; Miltz, Ada; Lawley, Trevor D; Brocklehurst, Peter; ... Field, Nigel; + view all (2022) The association between early-life gut microbiota and childhood respiratory diseases: a systematic review. The Lancet Microbe 10.1016/S2666-5247(22)00184-7. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Data from animal models suggest a role of early-life gut microbiota in lung immune development, and in establishing susceptibility to respiratory infections and asthma in humans. This systematic review summarises the association between infant (ages 0-12 months) gut microbiota composition measured by genomic sequencing, and childhood (ages 0-18 years) respiratory diseases (ie, respiratory infections, wheezing, or asthma). Overall, there was evidence that low α-diversity and relative abundance of particular gut-commensal bacteria genera (Bifidobacterium, Faecalibacterium, Ruminococcus, and Roseburia) are associated with childhood respiratory diseases. However, results were inconsistent and studies had important limitations, including insufficient characterisation of bacterial taxa to species level, heterogeneous outcome definitions, residual confounding, and small sample sizes. Large longitudinal studies with stool sampling during the first month of life and shotgun metagenomic approaches to improve bacterial and fungal taxa resolution are needed. Standardising follow-up times and respiratory disease definitions and optimising causal statistical approaches might identify targets for primary prevention of childhood respiratory diseases.

Type: Article
Title: The association between early-life gut microbiota and childhood respiratory diseases: a systematic review
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/S2666-5247(22)00184-7
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2666-5247(22)00184-7
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10154654
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