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Vulnerability and One Health assessment approaches for infectious threats from a social science perspective: a systematic scoping review

Jeleff, M; Lehner, L; Giles-Vernick, T; Dückers, MLA; Napier, AD; Jirovsky-Platter, E; Kutalek, R; (2022) Vulnerability and One Health assessment approaches for infectious threats from a social science perspective: a systematic scoping review. The Lancet Planetary Health , 6 (8) e682-e693. 10.1016/S2542-5196(22)00097-3. Green open access

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Abstract

Vulnerability assessments identify vulnerable groups and can promote effective community engagement in responding to and mitigating destabilising events. This scoping review maps assessments for local-level vulnerabilities in the context of infectious threats. We searched various databases for articles written between 1978 and 2019. Eligible documents assessed local-level vulnerability, focusing on infectious threats and antimicrobial resistance. Since few studies provided this dual focus, we included tools from climate change and disaster risk reduction literature that engaged the community in the assessment. We considered studies using a One Health approach as essential for identifying vulnerability risk factors for zoonotic disease affecting humans. Of the 5390 records, we selected 36 articles for review. This scoping review fills a gap regarding vulnerability assessments by combining insights from various approaches: local-level understandings of vulnerability involving community perspectives; studies of social and ecological factors relevant to exposure; and integrated quantitative and qualitative methods that make generalisations based on direct observation. The findings inform the development of new tools to identify vulnerabilities and their relation to social and natural environments.

Type: Article
Title: Vulnerability and One Health assessment approaches for infectious threats from a social science perspective: a systematic scoping review
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/S2542-5196(22)00097-3
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(22)00097-3
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Keywords: Climate Change, Communicable Diseases, Environment, Humans, One Health, Social Sciences
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10154011
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