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All-cause and cardiovascular mortality in relation to lung function in the full range of distribution across four Eastern European cohorts

Sarycheva, Tatyana; Capkova, Nadezda; Pajak, Andrzej; Malyutina, Sofia; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Bobak, Martin; Pikhart, Hynek; (2022) All-cause and cardiovascular mortality in relation to lung function in the full range of distribution across four Eastern European cohorts. Scientific Reports , 12 (1) , Article 12959. 10.1038/s41598-022-17261-5. Green open access

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Abstract

It is unclear whether the dose–response relationship between lung function and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the Central and Eastern European populations differ from that reported in the Western European and American populations. We used the prospective population-based HAPIEE cohort that includes randomly selected people with a mean age of 59 ± 7.3 years from population registers in Czech, Polish, Russian and Lithuanian urban centres. The baseline survey in 2002–2005 included 36,106 persons of whom 24,944 met the inclusion criteria. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the dose–response relationship between lung function defined as FEV1 divided by height cubed and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality over 11–16 years of follow-up. Mortality rate increased in a dose–response manner from highest to lower FEV1/height3 deciles. Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of all-cause mortality for persons in the 8th best, the 5th and the worst deciles were 1.27 (95% CI 1.08‒1.49), 1.37 (1.18–1.60) and 2.15 (1.86‒2.48), respectively; for cardiovascular mortality, the respective HRs were 1.84 (1.29–2.63), 2.35 (1.67–3.28) and 3.46 (2.50‒4.78). Patterns were similar across countries, with some statistically insignificant variation. FEV1/height3 is a strong predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, across full distribution of values, including persons with preserved lung function.

Type: Article
Title: All-cause and cardiovascular mortality in relation to lung function in the full range of distribution across four Eastern European cohorts
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-17261-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-17261-5
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 Springer Nature Limited. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Epidemiology, Respiratory tract diseases, Risk factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10153848
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