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Renewal MI Dental Composite Etch and Seal Properties

Alkhouri, Nabih; Xia, Wendy; Ashley, Paul F; Young, Anne M; (2022) Renewal MI Dental Composite Etch and Seal Properties. Materials , 15 (15) , Article 5438. 10.3390/ma15155438. Green open access

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Abstract

This study's aim was to assess whether the Renewal MI composite can self-etch enamel, seal sound cavities, and stabilize demineralized dentine. Etching was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cavity sealing was quantified using the ISO-11405 dye microleakage test. Demineralized dentine stabilization was evaluated by visualizing resin tag formation, enzyme activity and mineral precipitation at the adhesion interface. Renewal MI provided a mild etching of sound enamel in comparison with 37% phosphoric acid. It provided a comparable seal of sound cavities to Z250/Scotchbond Universal adhesive and a superior seal to Activa, Fuji IX and Fuji II LC. With demineralized dentine, Renewal MI formed 300-400 µm resin tags covering 63% of the adhesion interface compared with 55 and 39% for Z250/Scotchbond and Activa. Fuji IX and Fuji II LC formed no resin tags. A higher tag percentage correlated with lower surface enzyme activity. Unlike Activa and Fuji II LC, Renewal MI promoted mineral precipitation from simulated body fluid, occluding adjacent dentinal tubules within 6 months. These novel etching and sealing properties may facilitate Renewal MI's application in minimally invasive dentistry.

Type: Article
Title: Renewal MI Dental Composite Etch and Seal Properties
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ma15155438
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15155438
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Keywords: dental composite, dentine sealing, enzymatic degradation, microleakage, minimally invasive dentistry, remineralization
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10153817
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