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Explaining transformative change in EU climate policy: multilevel problems, policies, and politics

Kreienkamp, Julia; Pegram, Tom; Coen, David; (2022) Explaining transformative change in EU climate policy: multilevel problems, policies, and politics. Journal of European Integration , 44 (5) pp. 731-748. 10.1080/07036337.2022.2072838. Green open access

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Abstract

The EU's ambition to lead in global climate governance has shaped its engagement with the UNFCCC regime and informed a vast body of regulatory instruments. However, EU climate policy outcomes have not always matched aspirations. We explore how UNFCCC-EU institutional interactions have shaped EU climate policy outcomes by combining a multilevel governance perspective with scholarship on policy entrepreneurship to explain when, why, and how motivated policy entrepreneurs are most likely to secure transformative policy change. We contrast the successful policy transformation of the European Green Deal with the experience of policy stagnation in the aftermath of the economic crisis, shedding light on the interaction between problems, policies, and politics across levels. We find that while the international level is significant in opening up windows of opportunity from above, the presence below of an authoritative and motivated policy entrepreneur within the political stream is a crucial additive to securing transformative policy change.

Type: Article
Title: Explaining transformative change in EU climate policy: multilevel problems, policies, and politics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/07036337.2022.2072838
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/07036337.2022.2072838
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way
Keywords: Climate governance, multi-level, multiple streams, European climate policy, European Green Deal
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10153815
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