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Neurological Symptom Improvement After Re-Irradiation in Patients With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Retrospective Analysis of the SIOP-E-HGG/DIPG Project

Chavaz, L; Janssens, GO; Bolle, S; Mandeville, H; Ramos-Albiac, M; Van Beek, K; Benghiat, H; ... von Bueren, AO; + view all (2022) Neurological Symptom Improvement After Re-Irradiation in Patients With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Retrospective Analysis of the SIOP-E-HGG/DIPG Project. Frontiers in Oncology , 12 , Article 926196. 10.3389/fonc.2022.926196. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the spectrum of neurological triad improvement in patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) treated by re-irradiation (re-RT) at first progression. METHODS: We carried out a re-analysis of the SIOP-E retrospective DIPG cohort by investigating the clinical benefits after re-RT with a focus on the neurological triad (cranial nerve deficits, ataxia, and long tract signs). Patients were categorized as “responding” or “non-responding” to re-RT. To assess the interdependence between patients’ characteristics and clinical benefits, we used a chi-square or Fisher’s exact test. Survival according to clinical response to re-RT was calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method. RESULTS: As earlier reported, 77% (n = 24/31) of patients had any clinical benefit after re-RT. Among 25/31 well-documented patients, 44% (n = 11/25) had improvement in cranial nerve palsies, 40% (n = 10/25) had improvement in long-tract signs, and 44% (11/25) had improvement in cerebellar signs. Clinical benefits were observed in at least 1, 2, or 3 out of 3 symptoms of the DIPG triad, in 64%, 40%, and 24%, respectively. Patients irradiated with a dose ≥20 Gy versus <20 Gy may improve slightly better with regard to ataxia (67% versus 23%; p-value = 0.028). The survival from the start of re-RT to death was not different between responding and non-responding DIPG patients (p-value = 0.871). CONCLUSION: A median re-irradiation dose of 20 Gy provides a neurological benefit in two-thirds of patients with an improvement of at least one symptom of the triad. DIPG patients receiving ≥20 Gy appear to improve slightly better with regard to ataxia; however, we need more data to determine whether dose escalation up to 30 Gy provides additional benefits.

Type: Article
Title: Neurological Symptom Improvement After Re-Irradiation in Patients With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Retrospective Analysis of the SIOP-E-HGG/DIPG Project
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2022.926196
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2022.926196
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 Chavaz, Janssens, Bolle, Mandeville, Ramos-Albiac, Van Beek, Benghiat, Hoeben, Morales La Madrid, Seidel, Kortmann, Hargrave, Gandola, Pecori, van Vuurden, Biassoni, Massimino, Kramm and von Bueren. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: adolescent, child, diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), radiotherapy, re-irradiation (re-RT)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10153805
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