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Knossos during LM II-IIIB: Dynamism and Development

Whitelaw, Todd; (2022) Knossos during LM II-IIIB: Dynamism and Development. In: D’Agata, AL and Girella, L and Papadopoulou, E and Aquini, DG, (eds.) One State, Many Worlds. Crete in the Late Minoan II-IIIA2 Early Period. (pp. 35-70). Edizioni Quasar di Severino Tognon s.r.l.: Rome, Italy.

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Abstract

For the study of LM II-IIIB Crete, Knossos has two particularly strong points. It has been intensively investigated for over a century, which provides a reasonably well documented, continuous and contextually diverse archaeological record through these periods, and the site was the dominant centre for much of the island during these periods. Our traditional periodisation for prehistoric Crete, based on the broad chronological resolution of most of our archaeological materials, encourages us to think in terms of relatively long and static periods (e.g. Protopalatial, Neopalatial, Final Palatial, Post-palatial), interrupted by short phases of rapid transformation. In recent years, new excavations and strategic re-investigations and re-evaluations at a number of sites have allowed more finely resolved and detailed documentation of local developments, highlighting regional variation and allowing a more nuanced appreciation of changes within the broad phases of Minoan history. For the LM II- IIIB periods, the change in the language used for administrative documentation in the Linear B tablets traditionally invoked a model of massive population change, contributing to the perception of this phase as dramatically different from the preceding Neopalatial period. As archaeologists generally move away from assuming major demographic and ethnic replacements as the principal processes of culture change, it is essential that we re-connect the LM II-IIIB phases with their antecedents. This al- lows us to assess more effectively to what degree and in what ways these phases represent a significant departure from previous developments on Crete, or constitute less exceptional components in a longer term sequence of continuous social, economic and political structural transformations.This paper presents new information on Knossos, synthesises this with earlier evidence and critically compares this emerging picture with previous understandings of the development of the community, focusing on transformations in the palace, the cemeteries and the city from the late Neopalatial through LM IIIB phases.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Knossos during LM II-IIIB: Dynamism and Development
ISBN: 8854912735
ISBN-13: 9788854912731
Publisher version: https://edizioniquasar.it/products/supplemento-2-o...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10152393
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