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Hierarchies of membership and the management of global population: reflections on citizenship and racial ordering

De Noronha, Luke; (2022) Hierarchies of membership and the management of global population: reflections on citizenship and racial ordering. Citizenship Studies 10.1080/13621025.2022.2091224. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This paper argues that one useful way to think about the relationship between racism and borders is to say that racism produces hierarchies of (non)citizenship. In the first section, I work these arguments through in relation to my research with the friends of family of deported migrants, examining how witnessing deportation both reaffirms and produces hierarchies of (non)citizenship. These examples offer an invitation to trace and theorise the dynamic relationship between bordering and race-making. I then go on to examine how citizenship is centrally imbricated in race-making at the global scale. There, I historicise citizenship as a global regime for the international management of populations, suggesting that citizenship does similar kinds of work to race under empire. Taken together, these two points raise questions about whether we can and should imbue citizenship with radical and emancipatory potential. Is the articulation and celebration of non-national citizenships a useful framing? I remain cautious, and this paper is intended to underline that caution by approaching the question from one particular vantage point – one in which the theorisation of and struggle against racism is made central.

Type: Article
Title: Hierarchies of membership and the management of global population: reflections on citizenship and racial ordering
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2022.2091224
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/13621025.2022.2091224
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Keywords: Racism, immigration control, deportation, Jamaica, hierarchies of (non)citizenship
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > SHS Faculty Office > UCL Institute for Advanced Studies
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > SHS Faculty Office
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10151715
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