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Natural resources, human mobility and sustainability: a review and research gap analysis

Zickgraf, Caroline; Ali, Saleem H; Clifford, Martin; Djalante, Riyanti; Kniveton, Dominic; Brown, Oli; Ayeb-Karlsson, Sonja; (2022) Natural resources, human mobility and sustainability: a review and research gap analysis. Sustainability Science , 17 (3) pp. 1077-1089. 10.1007/s11625-021-01073-z. Green open access

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Abstract

Pressures on natural resources, such as from environmental change, have influenced the global human mobility landscape. In this article, we review the scientific evidence on the interlinkages between natural resources, human migration and sustainability. Drawing on a review of the existing literature in combination with the authors’ research experience, we consider a range of conceptual perspectives and empirical studies covered in the literature since the turn of the millennium. Our analysis considers the broad mobility spectrum—from adaptive migration to forced displacement and immobility. Climate change both acts as a natural resource threat in this context as well as having the potential to influence mobility drivers, which, in turn, can influence natural resource availability. The review aims to provide scholars of sustainability science with a coherent curation of the research thus far on the topic for charting a way forward for more constructive and original investigations. To overcome scientific gaps identified, finally we suggest that the multiplicity of linkages and feedbacks between natural resources and migration across different spatial, temporal and social scales lends itself to a complex adaptive (sub)system (CAS) framing within larger socio-ecological systems. As a CAS, the outcomes of migration and natural resources linkages are highly non-linear and can be emergent: the sustainable management of them, therefore, requires flexible, robust and equitable approaches.

Type: Article
Title: Natural resources, human mobility and sustainability: a review and research gap analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s11625-021-01073-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-021-01073-z
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Natural resources, Migration, Displacement, Immobility, Environmental migration, Socio-ecological systems
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10151015
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