UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

3D statistical shape analysis of the face in Apert syndrome

Van De Lande, Lara S; (2022) 3D statistical shape analysis of the face in Apert syndrome. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Van De Lande_10150440_Thesis.pdf]
Preview
Text
Van De Lande_10150440_Thesis.pdf

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Timely diagnosis of craniofacial syndromes as well as adequate timing and choice of surgical technique are essential for proper care management. Statistical shape models and machine learning approaches are playing an increasing role in Medicine and have proven its usefulness. Frameworks that automate processes have become more popular. The use of 2D photographs for automated syndromic identification has shown its potential with the Face2Gene application. Yet, using 3D shape information without texture has not been studied in such depth. Moreover, the use of these models to understand shape change during growth and its applicability for surgical outcome measurements have not been analysed at length. This thesis presents a framework using state-of-the-art machine learning and computer vision algorithms to explore possibilities for automated syndrome identification based on shape information only. The purpose of this was to enhance understanding of the natural development of the Apert syndromic face and its abnormality as compared to a normative group. An additional method was used to objectify changes as result of facial bipartition distraction, a common surgical correction technique, providing information on the successfulness and on inadequacies in terms of facial normalisation. Growth curves were constructed to further quantify facial abnormalities in Apert syndrome over time along with 3D shape models for intuitive visualisation of the shape variations. Post-operative models were built and compared with age-matched normative data to understand where normalisation is coming short. The findings in this thesis provide markers for future translational research and may accelerate the adoption of the next generation diagnostics and surgical planning tools to further supplement the clinical decision-making process and ultimately to improve patients’ quality of life.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: 3D statistical shape analysis of the face in Apert syndrome
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2022. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150440
Downloads since deposit
174Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item