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The Power to Consent and the Criminal Law

Dsouza, M; (2021) The Power to Consent and the Criminal Law. (Faculty of Laws University College London Law Research Paper 4/2021). UCL Faculty of Laws: London, UK. Green open access

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I examine what it is to have the ability to validly consent, and conclude that it is a Hohfeldian power. On that basis, I argue that the necessary conditions for the grant of consent must include all the necessary conditions for the exercise of a power. Using this idea, I attempt to isolate context-independent minimum conditions necessary for the grant of consent. I argue that the grant of consent requires an exercise of volition - the making of a choice - and that there exists no general requirement either that this choice be to invite a boundary crossing rather than merely to permit it, or that the choice invariably be accompanied by a performative token. Furthermore, I argue that the power to consent cannot be exercised so as to have retrospective effect. At most, the expectation of ratification may give rise to an entitlement to a supervening defence.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: The Power to Consent and the Criminal Law
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3787374
Publisher version: https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3787374
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: consent, autonomy, subjective, elements of offence, ratification
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Laws
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150437
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