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The biocultural origins and dispersal of domestic chickens

Peters, Joris; Lebrasseur, Ophélie; Irving-Pease, Evan K; Paxinos, Ptolemaios Dimitrios; Best, Julia; Smallman, Riley; Callou, Cécile; ... Larson, Greger; + view all (2022) The biocultural origins and dispersal of domestic chickens. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 119 (24) , Article e2121978119. 10.1073/pnas.2121978119. Green open access

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Abstract

SignificanceChickens are the world's most numerous domestic animal. In order to understand when, where, and how they first became associated with human societies, we critically assessed the domestic status of chicken remains described in >600 sites in 89 countries, and evaluated zoogeographic, morphological, osteometric, stratigraphic, contextual, iconographic, and textual data. Although previous studies have made claims for an early origin of chickens, our results suggest that unambiguous chickens were not present until ∼1650 to 1250 BCE in central Thailand. A correlation between early chickens and the first appearance of rice and millet cultivation suggests that the production and storage of these cereals may have acted as a magnet, thus initiating the chicken domestication process.

Type: Article
Title: The biocultural origins and dispersal of domestic chickens
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2121978119
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2121978119
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 the Author(s). Published by PNAS. This open access article is distributed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: domestication, chickens, dispersal, human niche
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150429
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