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Quantitative Myocardial Perfusion Predicts Outcomes in Patients With Prior Surgical Revascularization

Seraphim, A; Dowsing, B; Rathod, KS; Shiwani, H; Patel, K; Knott, KD; Zaman, S; ... Manisty, C; + view all (2022) Quantitative Myocardial Perfusion Predicts Outcomes in Patients With Prior Surgical Revascularization. Journal of the American College of Cardiology , 79 (12) pp. 1141-1151. 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.12.037. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery typically have complex coronary disease and remain at high risk of adverse events. Quantitative myocardial perfusion indices predict outcomes in native vessel disease, but their prognostic performance in patients with prior CABG is unknown. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to evaluate whether global stress myocardial blood flow (MBF) and perfusion reserve (MPR) derived from perfusion mapping cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) independently predict adverse outcomes in patients with prior CABG. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with prior CABG referred for adenosine stress perfusion CMR. Perfusion mapping was performed in-line with automated quantification of MBF. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events defined as nonfatal myocardial infarction and unplanned revascularization. Associations were evaluated with the use of Cox proportional hazards models after adjusting for comorbidities and CMR parameters. RESULTS: A total of 341 patients (median age 67 years, 86% male) were included. Over a median follow-up of 638 days (IQR: 367-976 days), 81 patients (24%) reached the primary outcome. Both stress MBF and MPR independently predicted outcomes after adjusting for known prognostic factors (regional ischemia, infarction). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for 1 mL/g/min of decrease in stress MBF was 2.56 (95% CI: 1.45-4.35) and for 1 unit of decrease in MPR was 1.61 (95% CI: 1.08-2.38). CONCLUSIONS: A total of 341 patients (median age 67 years, 86% male) were included. Over a median follow-up of 638 days (IQR: 367-976 days), 81 patients (24%) reached the primary outcome. Both stress MBF and MPR independently predicted outcomes after adjusting for known prognostic factors (regional ischemia, infarction). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for 1 mL/g/min of decrease in stress MBF was 2.56 (95% CI: 1.45-4.35) and for 1 unit of decrease in MPR was 1.61 (95% CI: 1.08-2.38).

Type: Article
Title: Quantitative Myocardial Perfusion Predicts Outcomes in Patients With Prior Surgical Revascularization
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.12.037
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.12.037
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: CABG, blood flow, mapping, perfusion reserve
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150375
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