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Enhanced H2O2 Production via Photocatalytic O2 Reduction over Structurally-Modified Poly(heptazine imide)

Sharma, Pankaj; Slater, Thomas JA; Sharma, Monika; Bowker, Michael; Catlow, C Richard A; (2022) Enhanced H2O2 Production via Photocatalytic O2 Reduction over Structurally-Modified Poly(heptazine imide). Chemistry of Materials 10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00528. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Solar H2O2 produced by O2 reduction provides a green, efficient, and ecological alternative to the industrial anthraquinone process and H2/O2 direct-synthesis. We report efficient photocatalytic H2O2 production at a rate of 73.4 mM h–1 in the presence of a sacrificial donor on a structurally engineered catalyst, alkali metal-halide modulated poly(heptazine imide) (MX → PHI). The reported H2O2 production is nearly 150 and >4250 times higher than triazine structured pristine carbon nitride under UV–visible and visible light (≥400 nm) irradiation, respectively. Furthermore, the solar H2O2 production rate on MX → PHI is higher than most of the previously reported carbon nitride (triazine, tri-s-triazine), metal oxides, metal sulfides, and other metal–organic photocatalysts. A record high AQY of 96% at 365 nm and 21% at 450 nm was observed. We find that structural modulation by alkali metal-halides results in a highly photoactive MX → PHI catalyst which has a broader light absorption range, enhanced light absorption ability, tailored bandgap, and a tunable band edge position. Moreover, this material has a different polymeric structure, high O2 trapping ability, interlayer intercalation, as well as surface decoration of alkali metals. The specific C≡N groups and surface defects, generated by intercalated MX, were also considered as potential contributors to the separation of photoinduced electron–hole pairs, leading to enhanced photocatalytic activity. A synergy of all these factors contributes to a higher H2O2 production rate. Spectroscopic data help us to rationalize the exceptional photochemical performance and structural characteristics of MX → PHI.

Type: Article
Title: Enhanced H2O2 Production via Photocatalytic O2 Reduction over Structurally-Modified Poly(heptazine imide)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00528
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00528
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150249
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