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Validation and scalability of homemade polycaprolactone macrobeads grafted with thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) for mesenchymal stem cell expansion and harvesting

Nguyen, Linh TB; Baudequin, Timothee; Cui, Zhanfeng; Ye, Hua; (2022) Validation and scalability of homemade polycaprolactone macrobeads grafted with thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) for mesenchymal stem cell expansion and harvesting. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 10.1002/bit.28133. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

In this study, polycaprolactone (PCL) macrobeads were prepared by an oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion solvent evaporation method with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as an emulsifier and conjugated to poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) to be used as cell carriers with noninvasive cell detachment properties (thermo-response). Following previous studies with PCL-PNIPAAm carriers, our objectives were to confirm the successful conjugation on homemade macrobeads and to show the advantages of homemade production over commercial beads to control morphological, biological, and fluidization properties. The effects of PCL concentration on the droplet formation and of flow rate and PVA concentration on the size of the beads were demonstrated. The size of the beads, all spherical, ranged from 0.5 to 3.7 mm with four bead categories based on production parameters. The morphology and size of the beads were observed by scanning electron microscopy to show surface roughness enhancing cell attachment and proliferation compared to commercial beads. The functionalization steps with PNIPAAm were then characterized and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy​​​​​​, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersion spectroscopy. PNIPAAm-grafted macrobeads allowed mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to spread and grow for up to 21 days. By reducing the temperature to 25°C, the MSCs were successfully detached from the PCL-PNIPAAm beads as observed with fluorescence microscopy. Furthermore, we validated the scalability potential of both macrobeads production and conjugation with PCL, to produce easily kilograms of thermo-responsive macrocarriers in a lab environment. This could help moving such approaches towards clinically and industrially relevant processes were cell expansion is needed at very large scale.

Type: Article
Title: Validation and scalability of homemade polycaprolactone macrobeads grafted with thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) for mesenchymal stem cell expansion and harvesting
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/bit.28133
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.28133
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Authors. Biotechnology and Bioengineering published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: PNIPAAm, polycaprolactone, polymer macrobeads, scale-up, thermo-responsive macrocarriers, CALCIUM ALGINATE BEADS, MICROCARRIER, PARTICLES, MEMBRANE, GROWTH
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150222
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