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RIS-Assisted Robust Hybrid Beamforming Against Simultaneous Jamming and Eavesdropping Attacks

Sun, Y; An, K; Zhu, Y; Zheng, G; Wong, KK; Chatzinotas, S; Yin, H; (2022) RIS-Assisted Robust Hybrid Beamforming Against Simultaneous Jamming and Eavesdropping Attacks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 10.1109/TWC.2022.3174629. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Wireless communications are increasingly vulnerable to simultaneous jamming and eavesdropping attacks due to the inherent broadcast nature of wireless channels. With this focus, due to the potential of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) in substantially saving power consumption and boosting information security, this paper is the first work to investigate the effect of the RIS-assisted wireless transmitter in improving both the spectrum efficiency and the security of multi-user cellular network. Specifically, with the imperfect angular channel state information (CSI), we aim to address the worst-case sum rate maximization problem by jointly designing the receive decoder at the users, both the digital precoder and the artificial noise (AN) at the base station (BS), and the analog precoder at the RIS, while meeting the minimum achievable rate constraint, the maximum wiretap rate requirement, and the maximum power constraint. To address the non-convexity of the formulated problem, we first propose an alternative optimization (AO) method to obtain an efficient solution. In particular, a heuristic scheme is proposed to convert the imperfect angular CSI into a robust one and facilitate the developing a closed-form solution to the receive decoder. Then, after reformulating the original problem into a tractable one by exploiting the majorization-minimization (MM) method, the digital precoder and AN can be addressed by the quadratically constrained quadratic programming (QCQP), and the RIS-aided analog precoder is solved by the proposed price mechanism-based Riemannian manifold optimization (RMO). To further reduce the computational complexity of the proposed AO method and gain more insights, we develop a low-complexity monotonic optimization algorithm combined with the dual method (MO-dual) to identify the closed-form solution. Numerical simulations using realistic RIS and communication models demonstrate the superiority and validity of our proposed schemes over the existing benchmark schemes.

Type: Article
Title: RIS-Assisted Robust Hybrid Beamforming Against Simultaneous Jamming and Eavesdropping Attacks
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/TWC.2022.3174629
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2022.3174629
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Jamming, Array signal processing,Radio frequency, Wireless communication, Communication system security, Security, Eavesdropping
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10149694
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