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New meaning for NLP: the trials and tribulations of natural language processing with GPT-3 in ophthalmology

Nath, Siddharth; Marie, Abdullah; Ellershaw, Simon; Korot, Edward; Keane, Pearse A; (2022) New meaning for NLP: the trials and tribulations of natural language processing with GPT-3 in ophthalmology. British Journal of Ophthalmology 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2022-321141. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of machine intelligence focused on the interaction of human language with computer systems. NLP has recently been discussed in the mainstream media and the literature with the advent of Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3 (GPT-3), a language model capable of producing human-like text. The release of GPT-3 has also sparked renewed interest on the applicability of NLP to contemporary healthcare problems. This article provides an overview of NLP models, with a focus on GPT-3, as well as discussion of applications specific to ophthalmology. We also outline the limitations of GPT-3 and the challenges with its integration into routine ophthalmic care.

Type: Article
Title: New meaning for NLP: the trials and tribulations of natural language processing with GPT-3 in ophthalmology
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2022-321141
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2022-321141
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10149021
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