UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Altaie, Alaa Muayad; Saddik, Basema; Alsaegh, Mohammed Amjed; Soliman, Sameh SM; Hamoudi, Rifat; Samaranayake, Lakshman P; (2021) Prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS ONE , 16 (8) , Article e0255485. 10.1371/journal.pone.0255485. Green open access

[thumbnail of Prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess A systematic review and meta-analysis.pdf]
Preview
Text
Prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess A systematic review and meta-analysis.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective To assess the prevalence of unculturable bacteria in periapical abscess, radicular cyst, and periapical granuloma. Methods PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and Ovid databases were systematically searched from January 1990 to May 2020. All the included studies were cross-sectional design. The risk of bias was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute check-list. Heterogeneity was described using meta-regression and mixed-effects model for lesion, country, and sequence technique moderators. Funnel plot and unweighted Egger's regression test were used to estimate the publication bias. Microbiome data on diversity, abundance, and frequency of unculturable bacteria in the periapical lesions were reviewed, analysed, and the principal component analysis (PCA) was performed. Results A total of 13 studies out of 14,780, were selected for the final analysis. These studies focused on the prevalence of unculturable bacteria in periapical abscesses and related lesions. Approximately 13% (95% CI: 7-23%) of the cumulative number of bacteria derived from periapical abscesses was unculturable. Country moderator significantly (P = 0.05) affects the diversity summary proportion. While the pooled frequency of unculturable bacteria was 8%; 95% CI: 5, 14%, the estimate of the pooled abundance of unculturable bacteria was 5%; 95% CI: 2, 12% with a significant (P = 0.05) country moderator that affects the abundance summary proportion. Of the 62 unculturable bacteria, 35 were subjected to PCA and Peptostreptococcus sp. oral clone CK035 was the most abundant species in periapical abscesses. Hybridization techniques were found to be the most reliable molecular methods in detecting the abundance and frequency of unculturable bacteria. Conclusion The significant prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess, suggests that they are likely to play, a yet unknown, critical role in the pathogenesis and progression of the disease. Further research remains to be done to confirm their specific contributions in the virulence and disease progression.

Type: Article
Title: Prevalence of unculturable bacteria in the periapical abscess: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255485
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0255485
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics, APICAL PERIODONTITIS, ENDODONTIC INFECTIONS, COMMUNITY PROFILES, MOLECULAR ANALYSIS, GEN. NOV., MICROBIOTA, IDENTIFICATION, DIVERSITY, MICROORGANISMS, PHYLOTYPES
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10148935
Downloads since deposit
29Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item