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Declining Levels and Bioavailability of IGF-I in Cardiovascular Aging Associate With QT Prolongation-Results From the 1946 British Birth Cohort

Charalambous, Christos; Moon, James C; Holly, Jeff MP; Chaturvedi, Nishi; Hughes, Alun D; Captur, Gabriella; (2022) Declining Levels and Bioavailability of IGF-I in Cardiovascular Aging Associate With QT Prolongation-Results From the 1946 British Birth Cohort. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine , 9 , Article 863988. 10.3389/fcvm.2022.863988. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: As people age, circulating levels of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) decline. In rat cardiomyocytes, IGF-I has been shown to regulate sarcolemmal potassium channel activity and late sodium current thus impacting cardiac repolarization and the heart rate-corrected QT (QTc). However, the relationship between IGFs and IGFBP-3 with the QTc interval in humans, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of IGFs and IGFBP-3 with QTc interval in an older age population-based cohort. METHODS: Participants were from the 1946 Medical Research Council (MRC) National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) British birth cohort. Biomarkers from blood samples at age 53 and 60–64 years (y, exposures) included IGF-I/II, IGFBP-3, IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio and the change (Δ) in marker levels between the 60–64 and 53y sampled timepoints. QTc (outcome) was recorded from electrocardiograms at the 60–64y timepoint. Generalized linear multivariable models with adjustments for relevant demographic and clinical factors, were used for complete-cases and repeated after multiple imputation. RESULTS: One thousand four hundred forty-eight participants were included (48.3% men; QTc mean 414 ms interquartile range 26 ms). Univariate analysis revealed an association between low IGF-I and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio at 60–64y with QTc prolongation [respectively: β −0.30 ms/nmol/L, (95% confidence intervals −0.44, −0.17), p < 0.001; β−28.9 ms/unit (-41.93, −15.50), p < 0.001], but not with IGF-II or IGFBP-3. No association with QTc was found for IGF biomarkers sampled at 53y, however both ΔIGF-I and ΔIGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio were negatively associated with QTc [β −0.04 ms/nmol/L (−0.08, −0.008), p = 0.019; β −2.44 ms/unit (-4.17, −0.67), p = 0.007] while ΔIGF-II and ΔIGFBP-3 showed no association. In fully adjusted complete case and imputed models (reporting latter) low IGF-I and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio at 60–64y [β −0.21 ms/nmol/L (−0.39, −0.04), p = 0.017; β −20.14 ms/unit (−36.28, −3.99), p = 0.015], steeper decline in ΔIGF-I [β −0.05 ms/nmol/L/10 years (−0.10, −0.002), p = 0.042] and shallower rise in ΔIGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio over a decade [β −2.16 ms/unit/10 years (−4.23, −0.09), p = 0.041], were all independently associated with QTc prolongation. Independent associations with QTc were also confirmed for other previously known covariates: female sex [β 9.65 ms (6.65, 12.65), p < 0.001], increased left ventricular mass [β 0.04 ms/g (0.02, 0.06), p < 0.001] and blood potassium levels [β −5.70 ms/mmol/L (−10.23, −1.18) p = 0.014]. CONCLUSIONS: Over a decade, in an older age population-based cohort, declining levels and bioavailability of IGF-I associate with prolongation of the QTc interval. As QTc prolongation associates with increased risk for sudden death even in apparently healthy people, further research into the antiarrhythmic effects of IGF-I on cardiomyocytes is warranted.

Type: Article
Title: Declining Levels and Bioavailability of IGF-I in Cardiovascular Aging Associate With QT Prolongation-Results From the 1946 British Birth Cohort
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3389/fcvm.2022.863988
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2022.863988
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 Charalambous, Moon, Holly, Chaturvedi, Hughes and Captur. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: IGF-I (insulin-like growth factor-I), IGF-I/IGFBP-3 molar ratio, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, QTc interval prolongation, cardiac repolarization
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10148797
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