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Maritime Cultural Heritage and Urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa

El Safadi, Crystal; Ray, Nick; Ortiz-Vazquez, Rodrigo; Nikolaus, Julia; Blue, Lucy; Westley, Kieran; Andreou, Georgia; (2022) Maritime Cultural Heritage and Urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa. The Historic Environment: Policy & Practice 10.1080/17567505.2022.2075070. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Urbanisation, comprising development, land reclamation and population growth along coastal margins, continues to place significant pressure on the maritime cultural heritage (MCH), particularly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Thus, there is a growing need for ascertaining the extent of the affected MCH resource and its condition. One such assessment is being undertaken by the Maritime Endangered Archaeology (MarEA) project, which is generating a unique informed database of the maritime resource in the MENA region. Through a regional overview combined with focused assessment on two case studies – Marsa Matruh (Egypt) and Bahrain – this paper demonstrates the threat urbanisation poses and the damage it has inflicted on MCH. The analyses and documentation that MarEA produces via remote sensing, deskbased and field-based assessments, constitutes a valuable resource that, at the very least, exists in digital perpetuity. It establishes a record that can be drawn upon to formulate targeted strategies and initiatives inclusive of the maritime cultural heritage resource.

Type: Article
Title: Maritime Cultural Heritage and Urbanisation in the Middle East and North Africa
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17567505.2022.2075070
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/17567505.2022.2075070
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Urbanisation; maritime cultural heritage; Middle East and North Africa; coastal development; Endangered Archaeology; heritage database
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10148577
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