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Validation and minimally important difference of the Child-OIDP in a socioeconomically diverse sample of Indian adolescents

Mathur, Manu Raj; Nagrath, Deepti; Yusuf, Huda; Mishra, Vijay Kumar; Tsakos, Georgios; (2022) Validation and minimally important difference of the Child-OIDP in a socioeconomically diverse sample of Indian adolescents. Health Qual Life Outcomes , 20 , Article 70. 10.1186/s12955-022-01949-3. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: While different measures have been validated and used to assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and adolescents, no previous study has tested the psychometric performance of OHRQoL amongst the most marginalized adolescents, living in extremely deprived neighbourhoods like urban slums and resettlement areas in modern cities. Our study assessed the internal consistency reliability, construct validity and Minimally Important Difference (MID) of the Child-OIDP in a sample of adolescents aged 12-15 years reporting oral health problems that lived in three different types (including two extremely vulnerable) of neighbourhoods (urban slums, resettlement colonies, and middle and upper middle-class neighbourhoods) in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. METHODS: We conducted data analysis on a cross-sectional study, comprising of 840 adolescents. The Child-OIDP was used as a measure of OHRQoL. Internal consistency reliability was tested using the standardized Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient. The Child-OIDP was also tested for content and construct validity (the latter through the median test), while a distribution-based approach was used to identify the MID. RESULTS: The Indian Child-OIDP showed good internal consistency, as the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.77. Inter-item correlation coefficients among the items ranged from 0.13 to 0.50, with the mean inter-item correlation being 0.30. The corrected item-total correlations ranged from 0.30 (social contact) to 0.54 (speaking). For construct validity, the Child-OIDP extent was significantly associated with three subjective oral and general health variables in the expected direction. The calculated effect sizes for these differences indicated that they were moderate (0.50-0.79). We also calculated the standard error of measurement (SEM) of Child-OIDP extent as 0.75. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the Indian Child-OIDP is a reliable and valid measure for the assessment of the oral health related quality of life among Indian adolescents especially from marginalised and socioeconomically vulnerable groups. This is an essential step towards assessing oral health and evaluating oral health promotion interventions in those populations and settings.

Type: Article
Title: Validation and minimally important difference of the Child-OIDP in a socioeconomically diverse sample of Indian adolescents
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12955-022-01949-3
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-022-01949-3
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativeco mmons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Adolescents, India, Minimally important difference, Oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL), Oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP), Psychometrics, Slums, Validity, Adolescent, Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Oral Health, Psychometrics, Quality of Life, Reproducibility of Results
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147935
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