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The effect of frequency of exposure on the processing and learning of collocations: A comparison of first and second language readers’ eye movements

Pellicer Sanchez, Ana; Siyanova-Chanturia, Anna; Parente, Fabio; (2022) The effect of frequency of exposure on the processing and learning of collocations: A comparison of first and second language readers’ eye movements. Applied Psycholinguistics pp. 1-30. 10.1017/S014271642200011X. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This study examined the processing and acquisition of novel words and their collocates (i.e., words that frequently co-occur with other words) from reading and the effect of frequency of exposure on this process. First and second language speakers of English read a story with 1) eight exposures of adjective-pseudoword collocations, 2) four exposures of the same collocations, or 3) eight exposures of control collocations. Results of recall and recognition tests showed that participants acquired knowledge not only of the form and meaning of the pseudowords but also of their collocates. The analysis of eye movements showed a significant effect of exposure on the processing of novel collocations for both first and second language readers, with reading times decreasing as a function of exposure. Eight exposures to novel adjective-pseudoword collocations were enough to develop processing speed comparable to that of known collocations. However, when analyzing the processing of the individual components of the collocations, results showed that eight exposures to the pseudowords were not enough for second language readers to develop processing speed comparable to known words. The frequency manipulation in the present study (four vs. eight exposures) did not lead to differences in the learning or processing of collocations. Finally, reading times were not a significant predictor of vocabulary gains.

Type: Article
Title: The effect of frequency of exposure on the processing and learning of collocations: A comparison of first and second language readers’ eye movements
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S014271642200011X
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271642200011X
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: incidental learning, collocations, eye movements, reading, frequency of exposure
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147911
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