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Enhanced oxygen redox reversibility and capacity retention of titanium-substituted Na-4/7[1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O-2 in sodium-ion batteries

Linnell, Stephanie F; Kim, Eun Jeong; Choi, Yong-Seok; Hirsbrunner, Moritz; Imada, Saki; Pramanik, Atin; Cuesta, Aida Fuente; ... Armstrong, A Robert; + view all (2022) Enhanced oxygen redox reversibility and capacity retention of titanium-substituted Na-4/7[1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O-2 in sodium-ion batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 10.1039/d2ta01485h. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Anion redox reactions offer a means of enhancing the capacity of layered sodium transition metal oxide positive electrode materials. However, oxygen redox reactions typically show limited reversibility and irreversible structural changes upon cycling, resulting in rapid capacity loss. Here, the Ti-substituted Na4/7[□1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O2 (where □ represents a transition metal vacancy) is presented as a positive electrode material for sodium-ion batteries. Na4/7[□1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O2 delivers a reversible capacity of 167 mA h g−1 after 25 cycles at 10 mA g−1 within the voltage range of 1.6–4.4 V and presents enhanced stability compared with Na4/7[□1/7Mn6/7]O2 over the voltage range 3.0–4.4 V. The structural and electronic structural changes of this Ti4+ substituted phase are investigated by powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance and Raman spectroscopy, supported by density functional theory calculations. These results show that the Na4/7[□1/7Mn6/7]O2 structure is maintained between 3.0 and 4.4 V, and the presence of TiO6 octahedra in Na4/7[□1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O2 relieves structural distortions from Jahn–Teller distorted Mn3+O6 between 1.6 and 4.4 V. Furthermore, Ti4+ substitution stabilises the adjacent O 2p orbitals and raises the ionicity of the Mn–O bonds, increasing the operating potential of Na4/7[□1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O2. Thereby providing evidence that the improved electrochemical performance of Na4/7[□1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O2 can be attributed to Ti4+ substitution. This work provides insight and strategies for improving the structural stability and electrochemical performance of sodium layered oxides.

Type: Article
Title: Enhanced oxygen redox reversibility and capacity retention of titanium-substituted Na-4/7[1/7Ti1/7Mn5/7]O-2 in sodium-ion batteries
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/d2ta01485h
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/D2TA01485H
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147541
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