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Comparative Therapeutic Properties of Garlic Extract and Metformin on Hyperglycaemia, Hypercholesterolaemia, and Hypertriglyceridaemia in Alloxan-induced Type1-like Diabetic Rats

Atsamnia, Djamel; Hanini, Salah; Oukrif, Dahmane; Benachour, Karine; Benkortbi, Othmane; Hamadache, Mabrouk; (2022) Comparative Therapeutic Properties of Garlic Extract and Metformin on Hyperglycaemia, Hypercholesterolaemia, and Hypertriglyceridaemia in Alloxan-induced Type1-like Diabetic Rats. Kemija u Industriji , 71 (3-4) pp. 141-149. 10.15255/kui.2021.035. Green open access

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Abstract

The current pilot study was conducted to compare the triple effect of garlic extract and metformin on hyperglycaemia, hypercholesterolaemia, and hypertriglyceridaemia in alloxan-induced type 1-like diabetic rats. Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups. Control group included normal rats. The second group included alloxan-induced type 1-like diabetic rats, receiving no treatment. The other two groups of diabetic rats were orally treated with 0.75 g of garlic extract per kg of body weight and 0.05 of metformin g per kg of body weight respectively for four weeks. The pharmacological impact of garlic compounds on serum glucose and lipids as opposed to the glucose-lowering and lipid-lowering was highlighted in these experiments. These results revealed that garlic extract has a triple action on hyperglycaemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Its effect on hyperglycaemia is long lasting, and more pronounced compared to the metformin. Interestingly, it had a regulatory effect on glycaemia as highlighted in the control group.

Type: Article
Title: Comparative Therapeutic Properties of Garlic Extract and Metformin on Hyperglycaemia, Hypercholesterolaemia, and Hypertriglyceridaemia in Alloxan-induced Type1-like Diabetic Rats
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.15255/kui.2021.035
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.15255/KUI.2021.035
Language: English
Additional information: © The Authors 2022. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: alloxan, diabetes, garlic extract, glycaemia, metformin
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147494
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