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Posterior corneal vesicles are not associated with the genetic variants that cause posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy

Liskova, P; Hafford-Tear, NJ; Skalicka, P; Malinka, F; Jedlickova, J; Ďuďáková, Ľ; Pontikos, N; ... Tuft, S; + view all (2022) Posterior corneal vesicles are not associated with the genetic variants that cause posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy. Acta Ophthalmologica 10.1111/aos.15114. (In press).

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Posterior corneal vesicles (PCVs) have clinical features that are similar to posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD). To help determine whether there is a shared genetic basis, we screened 38 individuals with PCVs for changes in the three genes identified as causative for PPCD. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients for this study. We examined all individuals clinically, with their first-degree relatives when available. We used a combination of Sanger and exome sequencing to screen regulatory regions of OVOL2 and GRHL2, and the entire ZEB1 coding sequence. RESULTS: The median age at examination was 37.5 years (range 4.7–84.0 years), 20 (53%) were male and in 19 (50%) the PCVs were unilateral. Most individuals were discharged to optometric review, but five had follow-up for a median of 12 years (range 5–13 years) with no evidence of progression. In cases with unilateral PCVs, there was statistically significant evidence that the change in the affected eye was associated with a lower endothelial cell density (p = 0.0003), greater central corneal thickness (p = 0.0277) and a steeper mean keratometry (p = 0.0034), but not with a higher keratometric astigmatism or a reduced LogMAR visual acuity. First-degree relatives of 13 individuals were available for examination, and in 3 (23%), PCVs were identified. No possibly pathogenic variants were identified in the PPCD-associated genes screened. CONCLUSION: We found no evidence that PCVs share the same genetic background as PPCD. In contrast to PPCD, we confirm that PCVs is a mild, non-progressive condition with no requirement for long-term review. However, subsequent cataract surgery can lead to corneal oedema.

Type: Article
Title: Posterior corneal vesicles are not associated with the genetic variants that cause posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/aos.15114
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.15114
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cornea, corneal endothelium, GRHL2, OVOL2, ZEB1
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147238
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