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Echocardiographic and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Strains in Relation to Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Klettas, D; Georgiopoulos, G; Rizvi, Q; Oikonomou, D; Magkas, N; Bhuva, AN; Manisty, C; ... Nihoyannopoulos, P; + view all (2022) Echocardiographic and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Strains in Relation to Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Cardiology , 171 pp. 132-139. 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.02.006.

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Abstract

We compared speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and feature tracking cardiovascular magnetic resonance (FT-CMR) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) with a varying extent of fibrosis as defined by late gadolinium enhancement to look at the level of agreement between methods and their ability to relate those to myocardial fibrosis. At 2 reference centers, 79 patients with HC and 16 volunteers (the control group) underwent STE and CMR with late gadolinium enhancement and FT-CMR. Patients were classified into 3 categories: no detectable, limited, and extensive fibrosis. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global radial strain (GRS) were derived using FT-CMR and STE. STE-derived GRS was decreased in all HC categories compared with the control group (p <0.001), whereas FT-CMR GRS was reduced only in patients with HC with fibrosis (p <0.05). Reduced STE-derived GLS was associated with extensive fibrosis (p <0.05) and a value less than −15.2% identified those with extensive fibrosis (sensitivity 79%, specificity 92%, area under the curve 0.863, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.76 to 0.97, p <0.001). Inter-modality agreement was moderate for STE versus CMR-GLS (overall population intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.615, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.75, p <0.001; patients with HC 0.63, 0.42 to 0.76, p <0.001) and GRS (overall population intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.601, 95% CI 0.397 to 0.735, p <0.001). A low level of agreement for GRS was seen between methods in patients with HC. In conclusion, strain indexes measured using echocardiography and CMR are reduced in patients with HC compared with the control group and correlate well with the burden of myocardial fibrosis. Reduced STE-GLS can identify patients with extensive fibrosis, but whether there is an added value for risk stratification for sudden cardiac death remains to be determined.

Type: Article
Title: Echocardiographic and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Strains in Relation to Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.02.006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.02.006
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147191
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