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Age-dependent formation of TMEM106B amyloid filaments in human brains

Schweighauser, Manuel; Arseni, Diana; Bacioglu, Mehtap; Huang, Melissa; Lövestam, Sofia; Shi, Yang; Yang, Yang; ... Scheres, Sjors HW; + view all (2022) Age-dependent formation of TMEM106B amyloid filaments in human brains. Nature 10.1038/s41586-022-04650-z. Green open access

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Abstract

Many age-dependent neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, are characterised by abundant inclusions of amyloid filaments. Filamentous inclusions of the proteins tau, amyloid-β (Aβ), α-synuclein and TDP-43 are the most common1,2. Here, we used electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) structure determination to show that residues 120-254 of the lysosomal type II transmembrane protein 106B (TMEM106B) also form amyloid filaments in human brains. We determined the cryo-EM structures of TMEM106B filaments from a number of brain regions of 22 individuals with abundant amyloid deposits, including sporadic and inherited tauopathies, Aβ-amyloidoses, synucleinopathies and TDP-43 proteinopathies, as well as from the frontal cortex of 3 neurologically normal individuals with no or only few amyloid deposits. We observed three TMEM106B folds, with no clear relationships between folds and diseases. TMEM106B filaments correlated with the presence of a 29 kDa sarkosyl-insoluble fragment and globular cytoplasmic inclusions, as detected by an antibody specific for the C-terminal region of TMEM106B. The identification of TMEM106B filaments in the brains of older, but not younger, neurologically normal individuals indicates that they form in an age-dependent manner.

Type: Article
Title: Age-dependent formation of TMEM106B amyloid filaments in human brains
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04650-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04650-z
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases > MRC Prion Unit at UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Institute of Prion Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10147189
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