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Oxygen and Glucose Transportation and Distribution on 3D Osteochondral Scaffold in Silico Model

Liu, Ziyu; Huang, Hao; Yang, Jingying; Tamaddon, Maryam; Wang, Haoyu; Gu, Yingying; Shi, Zhenyun; (2022) Oxygen and Glucose Transportation and Distribution on 3D Osteochondral Scaffold in Silico Model. Journal of Bionic Engineering , 19 pp. 1100-1108. 10.1007/s42235-022-00183-3. Green open access

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Abstract

Nutrients supply especially like nutrients and oxygen play vital role in tissue engineering process. It is found that tissue could not grow very well in the middle of the scaffold because few nutrients could transport to the middle. Nutrient limitations would reduce cell proliferation and differentiation. In that case, there is urgent need to understand the nutrient distribution for both in vitro and in vivo study, as no technology is able for researchers to observe the nutrients transport during those process. In this paper, a numerical model coupling with VOF (volume of fluid) model and species transport model together for predicting the distribution of oxygen and glucose in the scaffold after implantation in to the site is developed. Comparing with our previous in vivo tests, the regenerated tissue distribution has a similar trend as oxygen distribution rather than glucose. The reported scaffold manufactured by additive manufacturing provided a good interconnected structure which facilitated the nutrient transportation in the scaffold. Considering nutrient transportation, this numerical model could be used in better understanding the nutrients transportation in the scaffold, and leading to a better understanding of tissue formation in the scaffold.

Type: Article
Title: Oxygen and Glucose Transportation and Distribution on 3D Osteochondral Scaffold in Silico Model
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s42235-022-00183-3
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-022-00183-3
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Nutrient transport, Scaffold, Nutrient distribution, Computational fluid dynamic, Discrete phase model
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10146873
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