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Corneal endothelial cell density loss following glaucoma surgery alone or in combination with cataract surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Fang, Clarissa Eh; Mathew, Rashmi G; Khaw, Peng T; Henein, Christin; (2022) Corneal endothelial cell density loss following glaucoma surgery alone or in combination with cataract surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ophthalmology 10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.03.015. (In press).

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Abstract

TOPIC: Corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) loss following glaucoma surgery with or without cataract surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Corneal ECD loss may occur due to intraoperative surgical trauma in glaucoma surgery or postoperatively with chronic endothelial cell trauma or irritation. METHODS: Trabeculectomy, glaucoma filtration surgery or microinvasive glaucoma surgery in participants with ocular hypertension, primary and secondary open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma were included. Pediatric populations and participants with pre-existing corneal disease were excluded. Laser treatments and peripheral iridotomy were excluded. Electronic databases searched in December 2021 included MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ClinicalTrials.gov and The International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO), FDA PMA and FDA 510(k). RESULTS: 39 studies were included in quantitative synthesis. 12 months following suprachoroidal MIGS mean ECD loss was 282 cells/mm2 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 220 to 345; p <0.00001; Chi2 = 0.06; I2 = 0%; 2 studies; very low certainty). Mean ECD loss after Schlemm's canal implantable devices was 338 cells/mm2 (95% CI 185 to 491; p<0.0001; Chi2 = 0.08; I2 = 0%; 2 studies; low certainty) at 12 months. When compared to phacoemulsification alone, Schlemm's canal implants combined with phacoemulsification showed statistically significant mean ECD reduction at 24 months; mean difference of ECD was -19% (95% CI -37% to -2%; p=0.03; Chi2 = 3.04; I2 = 34%; 3 studies; low certainty). Mean ECD loss was 64 cells/mm2 (95% CI 21 to 107; p=0.004; Chi2 = 4.55; I2 = 0%; 6 studies; low certainty) following Schlemm's canal procedures (without implantable devices) at 12 months. At 12 months the mean ECD loss after trabeculectomy was 33 cells/mm2 (95% CI -38 to 105, p=0.36, Chi2 = 1.17; I2 = 0%; moderate certainty). At 12 months mean ECD loss was 121 cells/mm2 (95% CI 53 to 189; p=0.0005; Chi2 = 3.00; I2 = 0%; 5 studies; low certainty) after Express implantation. When compared to control fellow eye, aqueous shunt surgery reduced ECD by 5.75% (95% CI -0.93 to 12.43; p=0.09 Chi2 = 1.32; I2 = 0%; low certainty) and 8.11% ECD loss (95%CI 0.06 to 16.16 p=0.05; Chi2= 1.93; I2=48%) at 12 and 24 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall there is low certainty evidence to suggest that glaucoma surgery involving long-term implants has a greater extent of ECD loss than glaucoma filtration surgeries without the use of implants. The results of this review support long-term follow-up (beyond 36 months) to assess ECD loss and corneal decompensation following implantation of glaucoma drainage implants.

Type: Article
Title: Corneal endothelial cell density loss following glaucoma surgery alone or in combination with cataract surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Location: United States
DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.03.015
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.03.015
Language: English
Keywords: cataract surgery, endothelial cell density, glaucoma surgery, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, trabeculectomy
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10146705
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