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Excavation at Hanjing site yields evidence of early rice cultivation in the Huai River more than 8000 years ago

Qiu, Zhenwei; Zhuang, Lina; Rao, Huiyun; Lin, Liugen; Zhuang, Yijie; (2022) Excavation at Hanjing site yields evidence of early rice cultivation in the Huai River more than 8000 years ago. Science China Earth Sciences 10.1007/s11430-021-9885-x. (In press).

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Abstract

Through the analysis of macro- and micro-plant remains, food residues and the rice-field like features from the mid-Neolithic site of Hanjing in the Huai River region, we propose an early beginning of rice cultivation at Hanjing. The presence of non-shattering rice spikelet bases and the increasing percentages of rice phytoliths confirm the appearance of domesticated rice in the Hanjing archaeobotanical assemblage. However, as indicated by the different prediction rates of rice domestication shown by morphometric of the double-peaked Oryza-type glum cells and fish-scale decorations on the Oryza-type bulliform cells from different cultural phases before 7,000 a BP, rice cultivation was at an early stage of development. Our findings provide new and significant evidence towards the establishment of the Huai River as another important center for early rice cultivation and domestication in prehistoric China.

Type: Article
Title: Excavation at Hanjing site yields evidence of early rice cultivation in the Huai River more than 8000 years ago
DOI: 10.1007/s11430-021-9885-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-021-9885-x
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Rice field-like features, Oryza-type bulliform, Double-peaked Oryza-type, Rice cultivation, Rice domestication
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10146677
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