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Why Are More Women Working in Britain?

Joshi, HE; Layard, R; Owen, SJ; (1985) Why Are More Women Working in Britain? The Journal of Labor Economics , 3 (1/2) S147-S176. 10.1086/298079. Green open access

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Abstract

In Britain, female labor force participation rose steadily from the Second World War to 1977. To explain this, we estimate a pooled time-series, cross-section supply function for single-year age groups of women. The life-cycle pattern is explained quite well by the presence of children. At a second stage we try to explain the rising level of the cohort intercepts estimated at the first stage. Real wage growth may be an explanatory factor, as cross-section evidence suggests it should be. Finally, we point to the 15% rise in the relative pay of women in the mid-1970s caused by the Equal Pay Act. This did not cause the expected decline in the relative demand for female employees.

Type: Article
Title: Why Are More Women Working in Britain?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1086/298079
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1086/298079
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10146117
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