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Archaeology, Development and Conflict: A Case Study from the African Continent

Kleinitz, C; Näser, C; (2013) Archaeology, Development and Conflict: A Case Study from the African Continent. Archaeologies , 9 pp. 162-191. 10.1007/s11759-013-9227-2. Green open access

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Abstract

Apart from wars, other contexts of social conflict have recently become a setting in which archaeologists are faced with acute, sometimes armed, violence. On the African continent, a region often overlooked in discussions of "archaeology in conflict", rapid economic development has led to several such scenes. The paper discusses a particularly poignant example from the Middle Nile valley in Sudan, where large dam projects have been met with various levels of opposition by affected populations. Local communities opposing the construction of further planned dams on the Nile are increasingly stressing 'cultural survival' and fear of 'developmental genocide' as two of their major motivations for fighting these projects. Assuming a close link between the developer and archaeological salvage missions, affected people have started to use the expulsion of salvage teams from their territory as a strategy of resistance-posing an ethical dilemma for the archaeologists who struggle to find a position in the increasingly violent controversies accompanying these contested development projects. © 2013 World Archaeological Congress.

Type: Article
Title: Archaeology, Development and Conflict: A Case Study from the African Continent
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s11759-013-9227-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11759-013-9227-2
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10145850
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