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A survival analysis of ventricular access devices for delivery of cerliponase alfa

Craven, Claudia L; Gissen, Paul; Bower, Rebecca; Lee, Laura; Aquilina, Kristian; Thompson, Dominic NP; (2022) A survival analysis of ventricular access devices for delivery of cerliponase alfa. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics , 29 (1) pp. 115-121. 10.3171/2021.7.PEDS21129.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by tripeptidyl peptidase 1 enzyme deficiency. At the authors' center, the medication cerliponase alfa is administered every 2 weeks via the intracerebroventricular (ICV) route. This requires the placement of a ventricular access device (VAD) or reservoir and frequent percutaneous punctures of this device over the child's lifetime. In this study, the authors audited the longevity and survival of these VADs and examined the causes of device failure. METHODS: A single-center survival analysis of VAD insertions and revisions (January 2014 through June 2020) was conducted. All children received cerliponase alfa infusions through a VAD. Patient characteristics and complications were determined from a prospectively maintained surgical database and patient records. For the VAD survival analysis, the defined endpoint was when the device was removed or changed. Reservoir survival was assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank (Cox-Mantel) test. RESULTS: A total of 17 patients had VADs inserted for drug delivery; median (range) age at first surgery was 4 years 4 months (1 year 8 months to 15 years). Twenty-six VAD operations (17 primary insertions and 9 revisions) were required among these 17 patients. Twelve VAD operations had an associated complication, including CSF infection (n = 6) with Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus species being the most prevalent organisms, significant surgical site swelling preventing infusion (n = 3), leakage/wound breakdown (n = 2), and catheter obstruction (n = 1). There were no complications or deaths associated with VAD insertion. The median (interquartile range) number of punctures was 59.5 (7.5-82.0) for unrevised VADs (n = 17) versus 2 (6-87.5) for revised VADs (n = 9) (p = 0.70). The median survival was 301 days for revisional reservoirs (n = 9) versus 2317 days for primary inserted reservoirs (n = 17) (p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: In the context of the current interest in intrathecal drug delivery for rare metabolic disorders, the need for VADs is likely to increase. Auditing the medium- to long-term outcomes associated with these devices will hopefully result in their wider application and may have potential implications on the development of new VAD technologies. These results could also be used to counsel parents prior to commencement of therapy and VAD implantation.

Type: Article
Title: A survival analysis of ventricular access devices for delivery of cerliponase alfa
Location: United States
DOI: 10.3171/2021.7.PEDS21129
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3171/2021.7.PEDS21129
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cerliponase alfa; intracerebroventricular; drug delivery; neurosurgery; neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis; ventricular access devices; punctures; complications; surgical technique
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10145763
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