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Differences In Chronic Pain Prevalence Between Men And Women At Mid-Life: A Systematic Review Protocol

Borra, Catherine; Hardy, Rebecca; (2021) Differences In Chronic Pain Prevalence Between Men And Women At Mid-Life: A Systematic Review Protocol. Research Square: Durham, NC, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological literature has revealed differences in chronic pain (CP) prevalence in men and women. Women have been found to be more likely to develop CP compared to men at different points of the life-course, such as childhood and old age. Less is known about differences in prevalence by sex during mid-life. While CP is most prevalent later in life, biological and physical changes in mid-life may predispose to an earlier differentiation in CP distribution – for example due to the menopause. The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of CP at midlife in men and women, and to identify how these differences relate to results pertaining to other periods in the life-course. METHODS: This systematic review follows PRISMA guidelines. An electronic search will identify appropriate studies in the following databases: MEDLINE, to be accessed through Web of Science; and EMBASE, AMED and PSYCHinfo to be accessed through OVID. Two reviewers will independently screen each title and abstract and subsequently each full text following the inclusion criteria outlined in this protocol. The reference lists of eligible papers will also be screened to identify any further eligible studies. Any inconsistencies between reviewer decisions will be resolved through discussion. Studies eligible for data extraction will report estimates of CP prevalence, of prevalence for each sex, and difference in prevalence between sexes. Two reviewers will conduct data extraction using a standardised data extraction form. Quality assessment will be conducted using a risk of bias assessment tool for prevalence studies. The findings will be reported in a narrative synthesis and will comment on expected heterogeneity, following the Social Research Council Methods Programme guidelines. A random effects meta-analysis will be conducted where the reviewers can justify combining results. DISCUSSION: This review will summarise the prevalence of CP in men and women at mid-life, based on existing evidence. It is expected that the results will identify gaps in knowledge and areas for further research.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Differences In Chronic Pain Prevalence Between Men And Women At Mid-Life: A Systematic Review Protocol
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-1192864/v1
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1192864/v1
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2022. This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 License. Read Full License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: chronic pain, persistent pain, prevalence, sex, sex inequalities, gender inequalities,
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Arts and Sciences (BASc)
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10145270
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