UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

jULIEs: nanostructured polytrodes for low traumatic extracellular recordings and stimulation in the mammalian brain

Racz, Romeo R; Kollo, Mihaly; Racz, Gabriella; Bulz, Ciprian; Ackels, Tobias; Warner, Tom; Wray, William; ... Schaefer, Andreas T; + view all (2022) jULIEs: nanostructured polytrodes for low traumatic extracellular recordings and stimulation in the mammalian brain. Journal of Neural Engineering , 19 (1) , Article 016041. 10.1088/1741-2552/ac514f. Green open access

[thumbnail of Racz_2022_J._Neural_Eng._19_016041.pdf]
Preview
Text
Racz_2022_J._Neural_Eng._19_016041.pdf - Published Version

Download (26MB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective.Extracellular microelectrode techniques are the most widely used approach to interrogate neuronal populations. However, regardless of the manufacturing method used, damage to the vasculature and circuit function during probe insertion remains a concern. This issue can be mitigated by minimising the footprint of the probe used. Reducing the size of probes typically requires either a reduction in the number of channels present in the probe, or a reduction in the individual channel area. Both lead to less effective coupling between the probe and extracellular signals of interest.Approach.Here, we show that continuously drawn SiO2-insulated ultra-microelectrode fibres offer an attractive substrate to address these challenges. Individual fibres can be fabricated to >10 m continuous stretches and a selection of diameters below 30µm with low resistance (<100 Ω mm-1) continuously conductive metal core of <10µm and atomically flat smooth shank surfaces. To optimize the properties of the miniaturised electrode-tissue interface, we electrodeposit rough Au structures followed by ∼20 nm IrOx film resulting in the reduction of the interfacial impedance to <500 kΩ at 1 kHz.Main results. We demonstrate that these ultra-low impedance electrodes can record and stimulate both single and multi-unit activity with minimal tissue disturbance and exceptional signal-to-noise ratio in both superficial (∼40µm) and deep (∼6 mm) structures of the mouse brain. Further, we show that sensor modifications are stable and probe manufacturing is reproducible.Significance.Minimally perturbing bidirectional neural interfacing can reveal circuit function in the mammalian brainin vivo.

Type: Article
Title: jULIEs: nanostructured polytrodes for low traumatic extracellular recordings and stimulation in the mammalian brain
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1741-2552/ac514f
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ac514f
Language: English
Additional information: Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
Keywords: extracellular, in vivo, minimally perturbing, nanostructured, polytrodes, scalable, Animals, Brain, Electric Impedance, Electrodes, Implanted, Mice, Microelectrodes, Neurons, Silicon Dioxide
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10144929
Downloads since deposit
85Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item