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Orofacial conditions and oral health behavior of young athletes: A comparison of amateur and competitive sports

Merle, Cordula Leonie; Richter, Lisa; Challakh, Nadia; Haak, Rainer; Schmalz, Gerhard; Needleman, Ian; Wolfarth, Bernd; ... Wüstenfeld, Jan; + view all (2022) Orofacial conditions and oral health behavior of young athletes: A comparison of amateur and competitive sports. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10.1111/sms.14143. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate oral health status (dental, periodontal and functional) and oral health behavior in young German athletes including the comparison of competitive (CA) and amateur sports (AA). METHODS: Data of CA (German national teams, perspective and youth squads) and AA aged between 18 and 30 years with an available oral examination in 2019 were included. Clinical examination: caries experience (DMF-T), non-carious wear (erosion, BEWE), partially erupted wisdom teeth, gingival inflammation (PBI), plaque index, periodontal screening (PSI), and temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) screening. Questionnaires: oral health behavior, periodontal symptoms. RESULTS: 88 CA (w = 51 %, 20.6 ± 3.5 years) of endurance sports and 57 AA (w = 51%, 22.2 ± 2.1 years) were included. DMF-T was comparable (CA: 2.7 ± 2.2, AA: 2.3 ± 2.2; p = 0.275) with more D-T in CA (0.6 ± 1.0) than AA (0.3 ± 0.7; p = 0.046; caries prevalence: CA: 34 %, AA: 19 %; p = 0.06). Both groups had low severity of erosion (BEWE about 3.5). CA had more positive TMD screenings (43 % vs. 25 %; p = 0.014). In both groups, all athletes showed signs of gingival inflammation, but on average of low severity (PBI < 1). More CA needed complex periodontal treatment than AA (maximum PSI = 3 in 40% vs. 12%; p < 0.001). Oral health behavior was comparable (daily tooth brushing, regular dental check-ups in > 70%). CONCLUSIONS: Young German athletes (CA and AA) generally showed signs of gingival inflammation and needed to improve their oral health behavior. CA showed slightly increased oral findings (more D-T, periodontal and TMD screening findings) than AA, but similar oral health behavior. This may imply an increased dental care need in competitive sports.

Type: Article
Title: Orofacial conditions and oral health behavior of young athletes: A comparison of amateur and competitive sports
Location: Denmark
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/sms.14143
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14143
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial- NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.© 2022 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Keywords: athletes, biathlon, oral health, oral hygiene, prevention, sports dentistry
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10144777
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