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Incidental Vocabulary Learning From Bilingual Subtitled Viewing: An Eye-Tracking Study

Wang, Andi; Pellicer-Sánchez, Ana; (2022) Incidental Vocabulary Learning From Bilingual Subtitled Viewing: An Eye-Tracking Study. Language Learning 10.1111/lang.12495. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness of bilingual subtitles (relative to captions, subtitles, and no subtitles) for incidental vocabulary learning. Learners’ processing of novel words in the subtitles and its relationship with learning gains were also explored. One-hundred-and-twelve intermediate to advanced Chinese learners of English watched a documentary in one of four conditions (bilingual, captions, subtitles, and no subtitles), while their eye movements were recorded. Pre- and post- vocabulary tests (form recognition, meaning recall, and meaning recognition) assessed participants’ knowledge of the target vocabulary. Results suggested an advantage of bilingual subtitles over captions for meaning recognition and over subtitles for meaning recall. Bilingual subtitles were less effective than captions for form recognition. Participants in the bilingual subtitles group spent more time reading the Chinese translations of the target items than the English target words. Amount of attention to the English target words (but not to the translations) predicted learning gains.

Type: Article
Title: Incidental Vocabulary Learning From Bilingual Subtitled Viewing: An Eye-Tracking Study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/lang.12495
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12495
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Authors. Language Learning published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Language Learning Research Club, University of Michigan. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: viewing, vocabulary, eye tracking, incidental learning, second language
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10144681
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