UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Fear and legitimacy in São Paulo, Brazil: Police–citizen relations in a high violence, high fear city

Jackson, Jonathan; Pósch, Krisztián; Oliveira, Thiago R; Bradford, Ben; Mendes, Sílvia M; Natal, Ariadne Lima; Zanetic, André; (2022) Fear and legitimacy in São Paulo, Brazil: Police–citizen relations in a high violence, high fear city. Law & Society Review , 56 (1) pp. 122-145. 10.1111/lasr.12589. Green open access

[thumbnail of FearandLegitimacyinSoPaulo-initialsubmission.pdf]
Preview
Text
FearandLegitimacyinSoPaulo-initialsubmission.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (396kB) | Preview

Abstract

We examine consensual and coercive police–citizen relations in São Paulo, Brazil. According to procedural justice theory, popular legitimacy operates as part of a virtuous circle, whereby normatively appropriate police behavior encourages people to self-regulate, which then reduces the need for coercive forms of social control. But can consensual and coercive police–citizen relations be so easily disentangled in a city in which many people fear crime, where the ability to use force can often be palpable in even mundane police–citizen interactions, where some people fear police but also tolerate extreme police violence, and where the image of the military police as “just another (violent) gang” has significant cultural currency? Legitimacy has two components—assent (ascribed right to power) and consent (conferred right to govern)—and consistent with prior work from the US, UK, and Australia, we find that procedural justice is key to the legitimation of the police. Yet, the empirical link between legitimacy and legal compliance is complicated by ambivalent authority relations, rooted in part in heightened cultural expectations about police use of force to exercise power. We finish the paper with a discussion of the theoretical and policy implications of these findings.

Type: Article
Title: Fear and legitimacy in São Paulo, Brazil: Police–citizen relations in a high violence, high fear city
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/lasr.12589
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/lasr.12589
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10144641
Downloads since deposit
5Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item